top of page

The Flashback

Curated in September 2018

Complete Process of Time Machine

It has been a year since I started my research about time. The Pendulum Project is undoubtedly the most significant work of mine that has been a reckless challenge to make art with new media and techniques: air, wood, aluminum, electronics, coding and sound. Before I start something completely new which will challenge my limit once again, I wanted to sum up everything that I had worked so far.


There has been a lot of changes in my life recently. I have moved to London for studying abroad at Chelsea College of Arts after three months of traveling Europe and Korea. I am having such an important time in search of my identity these days. To make a truthful change in myself, I feel necessary to reinterpret my past from the new perspective that I have now. 


September 2017

Research #1: Clock and Time

- Why was the clock ever invented? 

- How does clock shape/serve our mind? 

- Can the function of clock be altered to indicate different concept of time? 


Christiaan Huygens invented the pendulum in 1657. This new device revolutionized timekeeping. Clocks could now be accurate to within one minute— significant improvement. It was the fundamental to the progress of science and astronomy, and for the first time, people could carry out tasks at specific times.


The invention of clock, as a functional object indicating time, is a significant evidence for the evolution of our concept in time. However, the fact that time is not absolute but relative the the speed of light is a difficult truth that we can hardly apply to our understanding of time. The distinction between past, present, and future is "a stubbornly persistent illusion," said Einstein. If clock provides us the sense of linear accumulation of time, it is the object that creates illusion of the distinction. But is it possible to produce an illusion that tells the true nature of time?

The pendulum changes everything 

Dreaming the Future, 2017

Apple Pencil on IPad

2,048 x 2,732 px

On the road trip from Chicago to New York, driving fast through the darkness, my mind was full of imagination. The drawing was an attempt to clearly see what I have in mind, by slowing down the pace of transforming images, and convert them into more tangible form. The outcome was a chaotic brainstorm of imageries. 

Dreaming Future.jpg

September 2017

Research #2:

Memory and Imagination

- Why are we forgetting? Are we actually forgetting? 

- Why are we so awake in the present?

- How do we distinguish memory and imagination?  Since when? 

1. Everything can be possible within our imagination. How?

2. We cannot remember everything. Why?

3. Then, can we remember everything, beyond our own capacity? How can we remember our childhood?


Get Out, 2017

How can one completely lose the identity and the memory of the past? Hypnosis can be used the other way to remember the forgotten event. Then, why do we not have the access to the memory anytime?
What can one control this access?


September, 2017

Research #3: Order and Chaos

Inspired by Nietzsche, I used the contrast concept of Apollo and Dionysus to differentiate the nature of memory and imagination. Memory is a chronological order of time regarding the concept of accumulation of time. The imagination reveals that the nature of time is also chaotic like Dionysus. It is something that has not come alive yet. How can we differentiate these two things, memory and imagination? Because we certainly have a sense of present moment. The clock is an physical evidence of our conscious. Then, what was it like when we were children? Why is childhood amnesia a universal experience of all human being?

Screen Shot 2018-09-25 at 7.15.22 PM.png

The motion of pendulum is a visual outcome from the consistent exchange of two different energies: potential and kinetic. 

When the pendulum passes the center of the arc, it gets the maximum kinetic energy for a fraction of time. This moment seems to me the present when we can make active action. The potential energy seems like the passive action when the state of mind is not focused on the present, but past or future, thus memory and imaginationBy continual shifting states of mind in time, we can perceive the motion, everywhere. 

September 2017

Research #4: Physical Motion of Pendulum


October 2017

Installation #1: Shell/Birth of Time

Birth of Time
Watch Now

A concrete cube is hung on the ceiling, covered by the metal shell. During the critique, I opened the shell and swung the concrete cube like a pendulum. This performance shows a metaphor of the birth of time along with the invention of clock. The world is now in a flux that is moving consistently.


Man of Clock, 2017

Apple Pencil on IPad

2,048 x 2,732 px

Death is a constant threat, but also romantic fuel of a life. Human is a biological clock that begins with birth and ends with death. Time given for each clock is different, but it is almost meaningless in the vast of universe. 


October 2017

Research #5: Mechanism of Pendulum

Now, how can this pendulum moves on by its own power and communicates with the world independent from me? I wanted the clock to be alive, and breathing. In this semester, I began to learn pneumatic techniques, using electronics and air compressor. I imagined a mechanical clock that imitates our body.

pendulum inside.jpg

The pendulum was designed to have internal space for three systems: pneumatic (solenoid valves, air hose and air outlet), micro controller (Arduino, photo censor and wires), and audio (amp, microphone and AUX cable). 

Metal square tube is used for 1/2" hose and power cables run through from the inside of pendulum. It also functions to hang the pendulum on the structure later. I made these mold cage and poured Rockite to cast a 9" square cube. The Length of the pendulum is important aesthetic problem because it determines the period and proportion of motion.


Mechanical Heart, 2017

Apple Pencil on IPad

2,048 x 2,732 px

I dreamed a mechanical heart

beating its own language

Untitled_Artwork (1).jpg

October 2017

Research #6: Space of Childhood

We all forget about our childhood memory like humanity completely forgot about their origin in this universe. Is it possible to create an object that reconstructs the forgotten space in our childhood or mother's womb? 

The structure needs to serve both functionality and aesthetic. It has to provide space for pendulum and air compressor, and sustain their motion and weight.


I have spent a lot of time in playground when I was a child. My mom told me later that I was on the swing so often because she had to take care of my brother who was born just a year after. 

I was also inspired by the design of swing structure which prioritizes the security of children. 

Wooden architecture often evokes nostalgia. Wood has been used as a building material for thousands of years. The scent and texture on the surface of Rough Red Cedar instantly revived my sensorial memory in the past. Pendulum Project was my first-time experience of fabricating raw materials like wood and metal.


This swing set bracket is an important piece of readymade object that determines the half of the design of the structure. It is product of Eastern Jungle Gym whose slogan says, "Creating Childhood Memories"

October 2017

Research #7: Dimension

The dimension began from the realistic and aesthetic problems. First, the structure has to be divided into modulars to safely move around. Second, the maximum dimension of one modular needs to be smaller than all the doors of my classrooms and apartment. Third, the structure needs to provide the spaces for 2-gallon air compressor and the pendulum while the proportion of every objects in the space needs to be pleasing. 


Proportion study 2017

Apple Pencil on IPad

2,048 x 2,732 px


The proportion of the structure regarding the dimension of the pendulum.

Untitled_Artwork 9.jpg

Compound cut of 67.5 degree and 22.5 degree for two major legs.


It was a complicated cut for the first time, but I made successful cuts for all of four beams finally after several trials.  


1   2  3

bottom of page